Buildings and Infrastructure Protection Series: Integrated Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings [fact sheet] [open pdf - 1MB]
"The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology (S&T) Directorate's Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division (IDD) has developed an integrated rapid visual screening (IRVS) procedure for assessing the risk to a building from natural and human-caused hazards that have the potential to cause catastrophic losses (fatalities, injuries, damage, and business interruption). This procedure is an enhanced version of FEMA [Federal Emergency Management Agency] 455, 'Handbook for Rapid Visual Screening of Buildings to Evaluate Terrorism Risk', and includes improvements to the methodology, updates to the catalogue of building characteristics, and updates to the forms that incorporate natural hazards, building types, and critical functions. IRVS is a simple and quick procedure for obtaining a preliminary risk assessment rating. Risk is determined by evaluating key building characteristics for consequences, threats, and vulnerabilities. The screening process can be conducted by one or two screeners and completed in a few hours. The procedure is intended to be used to identify the level of risk for a single building, to identify the relative risk among buildings in a community or region, and to be used as a prioritization tool for further risk management activities. Information from the visual inspection can be used to support higher level assessments and mitigation options by experts."
United States. Dept. of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/