Pipeline Security: Industry and Federal Efforts and Associated Legislation [April 26, 2002] [open pdf - 92KB]
"In response to the terrorists attacks of September 11, 2001, much attention is focused on ways to improve national security, with particular emphasis being placed on critical infrastructure, including oil and gas pipeline systems. The security of pipelines is especially important because of their essential role in the delivery of crude oil, natural gas, and numerous products of commerce, e.g., refined products made from petroleum. This report first discusses efforts of the natural gas transmission and distribution companies to enhance the security of their pipeline infrastructure. As discussed below, these efforts often include: definition of the threat, development of a notification system and security plan, deterrence of a threat (protection and monitoring of physical infrastructure and control systems), response to and recovery from an incident, and coordination with governmental activities. […] Government and industry efforts are discussed separately in this report, but the security of pipeline systems is being strengthened through the combined efforts of the involved parties. An analysis of the adequacy of ongoing efforts to increase pipeline security is beyond the scope of this report. Such an assessment would be difficult to conduct given the sensitivity of security measures, as well as the unpredictability of terrorist actions."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31391
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