Confronting Discrimination in the Post-9/11 Era: Challenges and Opportunities Ten Years Later: A Report on the Civil Rights Division's Post-9/11 Civil Rights Summit Hosted by George Washington University Law School, October 19, 2011 [open pdf - 1MB]
"The terrorist attacks of 9/11 were an attack on all Americans. Like other Americans, many Arab, Muslim, Sikhs, and South Asian Americans lost friends and loved ones. Like all Americans, members of these communities experienced the anger and grief of seeing their country attacked and their families, neighbors, and country put at risk of future attack. But these communities suffered in an additional way from the terrorist attacks: they were the victims of a backlash of hate crimes and discrimination by those who somehow believed that an attack on innocents could be avenged by attacks on other innocents who shared the perceived ethnicity or religion of the terrorists. As discussed at the summit and summarized in the 'Looking Back: The Post-9/11 Backlash' section of this report, the Division responded quickly after 9/11 to address a wave of hate crimes and increased discrimination against Arab, Muslim, Sikh, and South Asian Americans. The Division created a template to deal with the backlash, which entailed three major elements: (1) a clear and plain statement to the American people that Arab, Muslim, Sikh, and South Asian Americans are Americans too, and that hate crimes and discrimination against them would not be tolerated; (2) outreach to the affected communities; and (3) coordination of civil rights enforcement across agencies at all levels of government."
U.S. Department of Justice: http://www.justice.gov/