From the Summary: "This report summarizes issues, arguments, and concerns relevant to a value-added tax (VAT). Long-term fiscal problems, which were exacerbated by the recession that ended in June 2009, resulted in widespread concern about the need to formulate a fiscal solution to the high budget deficits and growing national debt. The levying of a value-added tax, a broad-based consumption tax, has been discussed as one of many options to assist in resolving U.S. fiscal problems. [...] A VAT is imposed at all levels of production on the differences between firms' sales and their purchases from all other firms. Arguably, the primary reason for congressional interest in a VAT is its high potential revenue yield. Other aspects of a VAT that often raise interest or concern include international comparison of composition of taxes, VAT rates in other countries, equity, neutrality, inflation, balance-of-trade, national saving, administrative costs, compliance, intergovernmental relations, and size of government. This report considers the experiences of the 33 nations with VATs in the 34-member Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), relevant to the feasibility and operation of a possible U.S. VAT. In order to examine different aspects of a VAT, explanations are initially provided concerning the concept of a value-added tax, the different methods of calculating VATs, exemption, and zero-rating."
CRS Report for Congress, R41708