Slavery Throughout the World, Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session, September 28, 2000 [open pdf - 268KB]
From the comments of Sam Brownback: "…slavery is a worldwide practice with at least 27 million in bondage. It comes in numerous forms, but it is always degrading. Young men from northeast Brazil are forced into slavery in Amazonia, defrauded into working in remote camps without pay. Sydney's women and children are abducted as booty, suffering religious persecution, marriage, so to speak, to their rapist, physical branding as well as heart breaking loss of home, family and identity. Young girls are forced into temple prostitution in remote villages while other children throughout Southeast Asia are forced into bonded labor for decades as collateral for loans amounting to as little as $50. You will hear about people known as restavecs who suffer the indignities of slavery peculiar to Haiti. We have a witness to testify who has written a book on that and has experienced that. We will hear about Mauritania where approximately half of the population is enslaved. The Arabs enslaving the Africans in an institutionalized unbroken chain reaching back at least 700 years. Recently, the subcommittee I chaired for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, heard testimony in two previous hearings on the international trafficking of persons which is another form of slavery, sex trafficking. According to our government estimates, at least 50,000 women and children are trafficked into America each year. And the CIA reports globally the number is approximately 700,000. They also estimate that in the next 10 to 20 years this trade may exceed the drug trade in value. […] Slavery comes in many forms, but its methods are chillingly repetitious. Slavers employ force or fraud to trap their victims into a life of exploitation, somehow escaping the indigenous legal system. Slavers trap the unsuspecting with false contracts and empty promises involving better work in a factory, shop or restaurant. Slavers strip their prey of all legal documents after transport to a strange country. These same people are then fraudulently forced into years of bondage to pay off the price of their abduction and keep." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Jesse Helms, Dong Hyan Cho, Stacy Caruso, Charles Hayes, Kristin Young, Nicole Cimino, Barbara Vogel, Charles Jacobs, Francis Bok, Kevin Bales, Moctar Teyeb, Jean R. Cadet.
S. Hrg. 106-881; Senate Hearing 106-881
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