FEMA Mitigation Best Practices: Hawaii Hurricane Relief Project   [open pdf - 27KB]

Alternate Title: Hawaii Hurricane Relief Project Incentive Program Results in Mitigation

This document is part of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Best Practices Portfolio. The Best Practices Portfolio is a collection of true stories about people and communities who have experienced disasters, and what mitigation they used to survive, rebuild, and prepare for disasters. From the document: "On September 11, 1992, Hurricane Iniki hit the island of Kauai, Hawaii, with wind speeds exceeding those of Hurricane Iwa (1982) and Dot (1959). Iniki (a category 4 hurricane) was the strongest and most destructive hurricane to hit the Hawaiian Islands in recorded history. The total economic impact to Kauai and the state exceeded $2 billion. About 80% of Kauai operated without electricity for two weeks after the event. All of Kauai Electric's 24,469 customers were affected. [...] In response to this crisis, the Hawaii Hurricane Relief Fund (HHRF) was created by the state legislature in 1993 as a temporary measure to provide hurricane insurance for homeowners in Hawaii. As of January 1, 1999, the HHRF provided hurricane coverage for approximately 155,000 policyholders statewide. In 1996, the HHRF created and implemented a hazard mitigation program that encourages homeowners to strengthen their homes against hurricanes by offering incentives in the form of reduced premiums." This and other individual FEMA Best Practices documents are also combined in "Mitigation Best Practices: Public and Private Sector Best Practice Stories for All Activity/Project Types in All States and Territories Relating to All Hazards [August 10, 2011]," which can be accessed at the following link: [https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&did=683132]

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