Reducing Residential Crime and Fear: The Hartford Neighborhood Crime Prevention Program [open pdf - 4MB]
"This report presents the results of an experimental crime prevention program in Hartford, Connecticut, sponsored by the National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, and designed to reduce residential burglary, street robbery, and the concomitant fear of these offenses in a neighborhood showing signs of increasing crime accompanied by physical and social deterioration. The program was based on a new 'environmental' approach to crime prevention: a comprehensive view addressing not only the relationship among citizens, police, and offenders, but also the effect of the physical environment on their attitudes and behavior. Prior to Hartford, the National Institute had funded a number of studies which had included physical design concepts in crime prevention programming. However, the Hartford project and its evaluation was the first attempt at a comprehensive test of this environmental approach to crime control. As a pioneering effort in the Integration of urban design and crime prevention concepts, the Hartford project expanded the field of knowledge about the role of the physical environment in criminal opportunity reduction. Many of the theoretical advances that were made in the project have now been widely adopted in the field of environmental crime prevention."