Has Merida Evolved? Part One: The Evolution of Drug Cartels and the Threat to Mexico's Governance, Joint Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere and the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, September 13, 2011 [open pdf - 5MB]
This is the September 13, 2011 hearing on "Has Merida Evolved? Part One: The Evolution of Drug Cartels and the Threat to Mexico's Governance," held before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere and the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. From the opening statement of Connie Mack: "Today's hearing will address the evolution of illegal activity in Mexico to determine if taxpayer-funded programs have evolved accordingly. The reality is clear, and while Mexico doesn't want to admit this, there is an insurgency taking place in Mexico along the U.S. border. Since 2006, Mexican drug cartels have evolved into resilient and diversified transnational criminal organizations. The drug cartels have splintered into subgroups and expanded operations into human trafficking, kidnapping, extortion, weapons smuggling, and stealing resources such as oil. The result: A well-funded criminal insurgency raging along our southern border, threatening the lives of U.S. citizens and harming the U.S. Economy by undermining legal businesses. The insurgent activities utilized by the cartel are aimed at undermining the government, protecting their illegal activity, and winning the support of the people. For example, one cartel has provided economic and social services in Mexico, and crossing over into Central America, where they build roads and provide housing, food, clothes, and toys to lower income residents in return for their loyalty. If they are unable to win the hearts and minds, these criminal organizations use extreme violence to instill fear in the population to undermine the Mexican Government's ability to control its territory." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Gary M. Shiffman, Andrew Selee, Robert J. Bunker, and Pamela Starr.
Serial No. 112-60; Serial Number 112-60
Government Printing Office, Federal Digital System: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/