Tradeoffs Between Residential and Industrial Fire Protection for Ultimate Public Safety [open pdf - 1003KB]
"In 1975, fire losses in the United States totaled about 0.25% of the GNP [Gross National Product/], or 4.4 billion dollars. Statistics on distribution of fire types show that 30% involve residential dwellings: 10% industrial, institutional, and educational buildings; 21% are due to transportation-related factors; and the remaining show that financial to 36 and 38% include forest, grassland, and rubbish fires. These statistics industrial and public facilities account for almost 50% of the loss statistics, while residential and transportation losses amount 11% of the total, respectively. More are attributed to building fires, and of these, residences. than 60% of fire fatalities almost 90% occur in private This brief survey reveals that a relatively small number of fires are responsible for the major dollar losses, and the major loss of life in fires results from residential fires, where the number of fatalities per fire are relatively small. .. Can technology be applied to reduce either the financial disaster incurred during industrial fires, or the life loss in residential fires? The evidence indicates that residential fire mortality will not be significantly reduced by technical solutions. However, there is also the potential for large life loss in industrial fires, and these could be reduced significantly by technical solutions. Therefore, increased efforts to secure the optimum amount of industrial losses, and possibly fire protection could certainly reduce our financial protect more lives."
University of California Radiation Laboratory, UCRL-77754
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Library: https://library-ext.llnl.gov/