ABSTRACT

Improved Technology to Prevent Nuclear Proliferation and Counter Nuclear Terrorism   [open pdf - 3MB]

"As the world moves into the 21st century, the possibility of greater reliance on nuclear energy will impose additional technical requirements to prevent proliferation. In addition to proliferation resistant reactors, a careful examination of the various possible fuel cycles from cradle to grave will provide additional technical and nonproliferation challenges in the areas of conversion, enrichment, transportation, recycling and waste disposal. Radiation detection technology and information management have a prominent role in any future global regime for nonproliferation. As nuclear energy and hence nuclear materials become an increasingly global phenomenon, using local technologies and capabilities facilitate incorporation of enhanced monitoring and detection on the regional level. Radiation detection technologies are an important tool in the prevention of proliferation and countering radiological / nuclear terrorism. A variety of new developments have enabled enhanced performance in terms of energy resolution, spatial resolution, passive detection, predictive modeling and simulation, active interrogation, and ease of operation and deployment in the field. For example, various gamma ray imaging approaches are being explored to combine spatial resolution with background suppression in order to enhance sensitivity many-fold at reasonable standoff distances and acquisition times. New materials and approaches are being developed in order to provide adequate energy resolution in field use without the necessity for liquid nitrogen. Different detection algorithms enable fissile materials to be distinguished from other radioisotopes."

Report Number:
UCRL-CONF-222065
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2006-06-15
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Library: https://library-ext.llnl.gov/
Media Type:
application/pdf
Source:
INMM [Institute of Nuclear Materials Management] 47th Annual Meeting. Nashville, TN, United States. July 16-20, 2006
URL:
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