Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law [Updated November 1, 1999] [open pdf - 244KB]
From the Abstract: "This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions. It addresses the following questions: Why do we apply sanctions? What objectives does the U.S. government seek to achieve when it imposes sanctions? Who imposes sanctions? What tools are available? How likely is it that sanctions will achieve the stated goal? What secondary consequences might sanctions have? What change is required for the sanctions to be lifted? Would multilateral sanctions be more desirable and achievable? The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law."
CRS Report for Congress, 97-949