"This memorandum considers the current debate addressing the issue of US/NATO [Uniteds States/North Atlantic Treaty Organization] chemical weapons [CW] modernization and rearmament. The authors examine the arguments of those who support and oppose major new US chemical warfare initiatives such as the production of binary munitions. They conclude that the Soviet CW arsenal is substantial and discuss the flexibility and roles of chemical munitions in several likely circumstances. However, the authors maintain that a CW environment poses numerous risks and uncertainties to Soviet planners and that NATO's position is not so impotent as many believe. Citing the critical importance of the European allies' sensitivities on the CW issue, the authors recommend continued improvement in NATO's defensive CW stance, a low-key upgrading of the US chemical arsenal followed by the replacement of older munitions deployed in Europe, and a shift in the emphasis of current means of delivery."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/