"Buddy treatment, first responder combat casualty care, and patient evacuation under hostile fire have compounded combat losses throughout history. Force protection of military first responders is complicated by current troop deployments for peacekeeping operations, counter terrorism, and humanitarian assistance missions that involve highly visible, politically sensitive low intensity combat in urban terrain. Research progress has been made in the areas of robotics; artificial intelligence; sensors; computer vision; mechanical, electrical and biological engineering; noninvasive diagnostics; and wireless digital communications. Academic institutions have demonstrated intelligent robots that execute functions ranging from performing mechanical repairs to playing soccer. The military has significantly invested in autonomous vehicles, and other robots to support its Objective Force. By leveraging several Department of Defense funding sources the Army Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center has established a growing portfolio of projects aimed at adapting, integrating, or developing new robotic technologies to locate, identify, assess, treat, and rescue battlefield casualties under hostile conditions."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/