Report to Congress: Mandatory Minimum Penalties in the Federal Criminal Justice System   [open pdf - 8MB]

"This report assesses the impact of mandatory minimum penalties on federal sentencing, particularly in light of the Supreme Court's decision in Booker v. United States, which rendered the federal sentencing guidelines advisory. The United States Sentencing Commission [hereinafter the Commission] prepared this report pursuant to a congressional directive contained in section 4713 of the Matthew Shepherd and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009, Pub L. No. 111--84, and the Commission's general authority under 28 U.S.C. §§ 994--995, as well as its specific authority under 28 U.S.C. § 995(a)(20) to 'make recommendations to Congress concerning modification or enactment of statutes relating to sentencing, penal, and correctional matters that the Commission finds to be necessary and advisable to carry out an effective, humane, and rational sentencing policy.' [...] The Commission reviewed legislation, analyzed sentencing data, and studied scholarly literature to prepare this report. The Commission sought the views of stakeholders in the criminal justice system in a variety of ways. The Commission consulted with its advisory groups and representatives from all three branches of the federal government, and heard from social scientists, scholars, and others who apply or study mandatory minimum sentencing provisions."

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United States Sentencing Commission: http://www.ussc.gov/
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