Student Reports of Bullying: Results from the 2001 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey, Statistical Analysis Report [open pdf - 0B]
"Students are victims of a spectrum of problem behaviors at school, ranging from minor disciplinary problems to criminal victimization. Bullying is one form of these problem behaviors that concerns students, educators, and parents because of its potential detriment to the students' well-being. Defining bullying is a difficult task; however, most research agrees that bullying comprises physical, verbal, and psychological behaviors such as hitting, teasing, taunting, and manipulating social relationships. The investigation of bullying is further complicated by the complex dynamics of bullying scenarios and the developmental context for social development in which bullying plays a role. Further, aggression among youth often serves varied purposes for children at different stages of development. Hawkins, Pepler, and Craig (2001) found that peers were present in 88 percent of bullying episodes. Thus, bullying frequently involves the support of peers within the school community and is often not an isolated event between two individuals. In addition, aggressive behavior, such as bullying, is expressed differently over time and may change in purpose, as children transition from middle to secondary school. As Cairns et al. (1989) discuss, patterns of, and motivation for aggression change over the course of childhood and cannot be examined independently of the developmental context in which aggression occurs. Cillessen and Mayeaux (2004) found that physical and relational aggression, peer approval, and popularity were intricately linked, but that the relationships between these variables vary with age, gender, and by type of aggression. While resolution to these definitional, contextual, and developmental complexities are unable to be addressed in the current investigation, this report provides a broad summary of bullying reported by student victims in 2001."
National Center for Education Statistics: http://www.nces.ed.gov/