"The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of firearms commerce in the United States and the role of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) in regulating firearms commodities. ATF is responsible for enforcing the Gun Control Act (GCA) of 1968, as amended. The GCA regulates the manufacture, importation, distribution, and sale of firearms, and it contains criminal provisions related to the illegal possession, use, or sale of firearms. ATF also administers the National Firearms Act (NFA), which requires the registration of certain weapons, such as machineguns and destructive devices, and imposes taxes on the making and transfer of those weapons. This edition contains information about domestic firearms manufacturing, as well as the importation and exportation of firearms. It also provides an update on certain ATF regulatory initiatives, including our collaboration with the firearms industry, to improve compliance with Federal firearms laws and to prevent the diversion of firearms to illegal markets. Further, it furnishes select data sets regarding domestic firearms manufacturing, and the importation and exportation of firearms. Part I contains information about domestic firearms manufacturing and the importation and exportation of firearms to provide a better understanding of the firearms market. Part II provides an overview of recent ATF regulatory program initiatives that focus and improve ATF's ability to conduct firearms inspections, ensure compliance, and foster communication and cooperation with the firearms industry. Part III describes how ATF's enforcement and regulatory missions work together to prevent the unlawful diversion of firearms into illegal markets. The appendix to this report presents a series of statistical tables containing the most up-to-date information available about the firearms industry and ATF's regulatory activities. Through these activities, ATF works to ensure compliance with Federal firearms laws and to prevent firearms from being diverted, either knowingly or unknowingly, to persons prohibited from possessing them."
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives: http://www.atf.gov/