"Wildland fires have increased in complexity, duration, size and number since the transition from the Large Fire Organization (LFO) to the Incident Command System (ICS). Incident Management Teams (IMTs) have grown in size to meet the demands of managing increasing numbers of firefighting resources in complex political and social settings. There is also a greater demand for incident management capacity on non-wildland fire, all-hazard incidents such as hurricanes. At the same time, the number of agency employees willing and able to participate in incident management has decreased, and the long-duration absence of current IMT participants from local units adversely impacts achievement of agency core missions and National Fire Plan targets. In 2003, the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) chartered an interagency team to identify potential strategies to improve large and complex incident management. The resultant report--National Interagency Complex Incident Management Organization Study--provided nine key recommendations for improving complex incident management capability, pressed for a larger and more aggressive vegetation management program, and suggested establishment of a permanent National Incident Management Organization (NIMO). The recommended organizational option for the NIMO was seven short Type I IMTs staffed for a five-year pilot study, after which its effectiveness would be evaluated. The NWCG accepted the conclusions of that study in February 2005, and then chartered an interagency NIMO Implementation Task Group (NIMO Task Group) to prepare a feasibility and implementation plan for the NIMO and develop actions for each of the nine key recommendations. The results from those tasks constitute the report that follows."
National Interagency Fire Center (U.S.): http://www.nifc.gov/