"Today's complex, emerging threats and hazards demand a unified and coordinated national approach to domestic incident management. While there have been considerable enhancements in preparedness, there is room for significant improvement in interagency planning, collaboration, coordination, and ultimately execution. The following three recommendations are steps towards a more effective military response. First, by pre-determining the command and control structure for each of the fifteen planning scenarios for each FEMA region or state as applicable, the military can not only ensure unity of command during a catastrophic event, but it can also enhance preparedness by assigning responsibility up front. Secondly, establishing a Joint Interagency Coordination Group at the National Guard Bureau will ensure the appropriate military collaboration and coordination with the interagency through established relationships. Thirdly, by investing operationally at the regional level, the Department of Defense and to a larger degree, the National Guard stands to enhance their ability to provide an effective military response, when called."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/