Tribal Law Enforcement, 2008   [open pdf - 784KB]

"In September 2008, American Indian tribes operated 178 law enforcement agencies that employed at least one full-time sworn officer with general arrest powers or the equivalent in part-time officers. The total includes 157 general purpose tribal police departments and 21 special jurisdiction agencies tasked with enforcing natural resources laws that pertain primarily to hunting and fishing on tribal lands. Collectively, tribes operated law enforcement agencies in 28 states. Washington (24), Arizona (22), Oklahoma (19), and New Mexico (17) had the largest numbers of tribal law enforcement agencies […] These findings are based on the 2008 Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies. In addition to tribally operated agencies, the Department of the Interior's (DOI) Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) operated 42 agencies that provided law enforcement services in Indian country. Nationwide, BIA employed 277 full-time sworn personnel in 2008. Along with direct oversight of its own programs, BIA also provided technical assistance and some oversight to tribally operated agencies. On the more than 300 federal Indian reservation areas in the U.S., police officers may be tribal, federal, state, county, or municipal employees. Some areas may be served by more than one type of officer."

Report Number:
National Criminal Justice 234217; NCJ 234217
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: https://www.ncjrs.gov/
Media Type:
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