ABSTRACT

S. Hrg. 112-57: A Shared Responsibility: Counternarcotics And Citizen Security in the Americas, Hearing Before the, Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Peace Corps, and Global Narcotics Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, March 31, 2011   [open pdf - 234KB]

From the opening statement of Robert Menendez: "Welcome to our hearing on shared responsibility, counternarcotics and citizen security in the Americas. Let me thank our panelists for coming today. We look forward to your insights. Let me begin by laying out the framework for our discussion today and some sobering statistics. Latin America and the Caribbean region has one of the highest crime rates of any region in the world. According to the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crimes, in 2003 the homicide rate in Latin America and the Caribbean was 19.9 per 100,000 people. By 2008, the rate had climbed to an astounding 32.6 per 100,000 people. In El Salvador, the rate is estimated to be as high as 71 per 100,000, despite President Funes's tremendous efforts to combat the maras, gangs that are largely responsible for violent crime. It is not a coincidence that cocaine seizures in Central America have also tripled during this time period. The problem is no longer limited to transit or trafficking in drugs, but has expanded into production and domestic consumption. Earlier this month, Honduran authorities found a cocaine processing laboratory in the remote northeastern mountains capable of producing 440 to 880 pounds of cocaine a week." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Robert Menendez, Cynthia Arnson, William R. Brownfield, Vanda Felbab-Brown, Stephen Johnson, R. Gil Kerlikowske, Eric Olson, and William F. Wechsler.

Report Number:
S. Hrg. 112-57; Senate Hearing 112-57
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