"In an effort to reduce annual loss of life, the development of NFPA [National Fire Protection Association] 13D took place in May, 1973. Residential sprinkler systems are a life-safety system, designed to provide an environment that allows the occupants of a dwelling enough time to escape in the event of a fire. At the 2008 International Code Council meeting in Minneapolis, the requirement for mandating residential sprinkler systems in all newly-constructed one and two family homes and townhouses passed by an overwhelming vote. This mandate became effective January 1, 2011. Even with the passage of this mandate, there continues to be opposition from the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) and the Building Industry Association (BIA) through political and legislative actions. The City of Porterville will be enforcing the new building code regulations that require residential sprinkler systems in all newly-constructed one and two-family dwellings and townhouses in the community. However, this new requirement is meeting opposition by the NAHB. The purpose of this research project is to understand the concerns of the stakeholders and provide the necessary information to those who are in opposition to the new regulations. A descriptive-based research method will be used to conduct this research and to answer the following questions: (1) What are the concerns of the City of Porterville's water, building and fire departments; (2) What are the fears or objections of developers and architects; (3) What is the added cost of residential sprinkler systems to homeowners; (4) What are the opportunities to develop good relationships with stakeholders; and (5) What are other fire departments doing to address this issue? "
United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Learning Resource Center: http://www.lrc.fema.gov/