"Heavy apparatus are an integral part of the service delivery platform of any emergency response organization. The Fire Service utilizes an array of heavy apparatus that carry a variety of names or designations. Virginia Beach Fire & Rescue utilizes pumpers designated as Engines, ladder trucks designated as Ladders, heavy rescue squads designated as Fire Squads, and water tenders designated as Tankers. These apparatus must safely reach the scene of an emergency event, and be in operable condition in order to deliver the requested customer service. The problem is that the Virginia Beach Fire & Rescue Department heavy apparatus are being damaged while responding on flooded roadways during severe weather events. This applied research project examines the type of damage, cost of repairs from the damage and the need for direction and training from fire service organizations for the officers and drivers that encounter response during severe weather events that cause flooding. I utilized descriptive research methodology to address: (1) What are the major causes of the damage to the apparatus; (2) What vehicle components are being damaged; (3) What is the cost to the department to repair the damaged apparatus; and (4) What can we do to minimize or prevent the damage from occurring? The procedures used include a literature review and personal interviews with the Virginia Beach City Garage Fire Shop Manager, the Director of the Fleet Management Division of the Department of Public Works (FMD of DPW), and the President of Atlantic Emergency Solutions. Research through internal department papers, policies and documents from the Fleet Focus program of the FMD of DPW are included."
United States. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Learning Resource Center: http://www.lrc.fema.gov/