"The research investigates initiatives by other fire services to develop a contemporary standard operating procedure to enhance responder safety, operational preparedness and community outcomes during civil disturbance. Action research was employed to identify fire services involvement, risks and impacts of engagement and procedural development. A literature review, fire service comparisons, focus groups and telephone interviews of Australia's major metropolitan fire services supported the findings that fire services are extensively involved in these activities, risks are significant, training and equipping supported by procedures are key success mechanisms. The researcher recommended that, civil disturbance procedures are implemented, a multi agency threat management group, mutual aid agreements and training between agencies be developed and the Victorian State Emergency Management Arrangements incorporate civil disturbance."
U.S. Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.dhs.gov/