Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy [August 22, 2011]   [open pdf - 1MB]

"Stated U.S. policy is to ensure that Afghanistan will not again become a base for terrorist attacks against the United States. Following policy reviews in 2009, the Obama Administration asserted that it was pursuing a well-resourced and integrated military-civilian strategy intended to pave the way for a gradual transition to Afghan leadership that will begin in July 2011 and be completed by the end of 2014. To carry out U.S. policy, a total of 51,000 additional U.S. forces were authorized by the two 2009 reviews, bringing U.S. troop numbers to a high of about 99,000, with partner forces adding about 42,000. On June 22, 2011, President Obama announced that the policy had accomplished most major U.S. goals and that a drawdown of 33,000 U.S. troops would take place by September 2012. The first 10,000 of these are to be withdrawn by the end of 2011 in concert with the July 2011 start of a long-planned transition to Afghan security leadership. That transition has begun in the first wave of areas, four cities and three full provinces, and some U.S. troops have been withdrawn. Amid widespread doubts that Afghan governance and security institutions will be strong enough to protect themselves by the end of 2014, U.S. and Afghan officials are negotiating a 'strategic partnership' that would guide the long-term relationship, although differences over U.S. latitude to conduct operations are slowing completion. The start of the transition coincides with the turnover of the top U.S. and NATO command from General Petraeus to Lieutenant General John Allen on July 18, and the arrival of Ryan Crocker as Ambassador to Afghanistan on July 25."

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CRS Report for Congress, RL30588
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