Four Decades and Five Manuals: U.S. Army Strategic Leadership Doctrine, 1983-2011 [open pdf - 502KB]
"This monograph focuses on the articles, reports, opinions, studies, and research papers surrounding leadership doctrine from 1983-2011. Understanding each doctrine, reviewing the intellectual debate within the Army and across other leadership disciplines, examining the changes in the documents, and exploring future, proposed strategic leadership doctrine provides analysis. Beginning with the tactical, direct leadership attributes in 1983, the omission of operational and strategic leadership identified a gap in leadership at all levels. FM 22-103 established the first doctrine for command and leadership above the direct, tactical level. Coupled with the 1993 AR 600-100, leadership policies recognized direct, senior and executive leadership levels. The consolidation of leadership doctrine in 1999 placed the three levels of leadership together; however, with different definitions of the levels. FM 22-100, used direct, organizational and strategic, while the 1993 regulation used direct, senior and strategic. By 2007, the newly published documents agreed. Strategic leadership's importance to Army leaders continued to evolve and remained a much discussed and researched topic. National military and government leaders addressed the need to improve strategic leaders' ability to prepare for future conflicts while presenting how strategic leadership fits into leadership doctrine. Strategic leaders must understand the strategy of the organization, where the organization fits in the complex environment, and what the organization must do to be successful. The inclusion of strategic leadership references in doctrine improves the understanding necessary for a successful organization. The leadership traditions of the U.S. Army continue to codify the strategic leadership attributes necessary for success, accessible to all leaders, from the newest to the most senior."
Combined Arms Research Library (CARL) Digital Library http://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/