Attack Environment Manual: Chapter 7, What the Planner Needs to Know About Shelter Environment [open pdf - 3MB]
"This discussion of the shelter environment is aimed at the emergency planner rather than the person who has shelter management experience or training. It is assumed that the reader is familiar with the attack environment information presented in the six preceding chapters. Information is presented in the form of 'panels' each consisting of a page of text and an associated sketch, photograph, chart, or other visual image. Each panel covers a topic. This preface is like a panel, with the list of topics in chapter 7 shown opposite. If the graphic portion is converted to slides or vugraphs, the chapter or any part can be used in an illustrated lecture or briefing, if so desired. The chapter begins with an introductory panel, followed by a series describing the basic needs that must be satisfied (in addition to protection against weapon effects) if people are to survive in shelters for an extended period of time. It then turns to the kinds of shelters that might be available. Most prevalent are shelters in existing buildings, for which several panels discuss ways of satisfying the basic needs. Lifesaving actions under attack are described next, followed by a discussion of extended shelter living under fallout conditions. The chapter closes with some points on the role of trained leadership in the shelter environment. There is a list of suggested additional reading for those who are interested."
Federal Emergency Management Agency 131; FEMA 131
United Stated Federal Emergency Management Agency, Learning Resource Center: http://www.lrc.fema.gov/