Attack Environment Manual: Chapter 5, What the Planner Needs to Know About Initial Nuclear Radiation [open pdf - 185KB]
"This discussion of in initial nuclear radiation also introduces the planner and emergency manager to the biological effects of brief exposures to ionizing radiation. It is assumed that the reader is familiar with the material in the preceding chapters. Initial nuclear radiation is most significant for low-yield nuclear detonations. Other effects of detonations from 40 to several hundred kilotons (blast and fire effects) have been included for comparison. [...] The chapter begins with introductory material to acquaint the readers with the phenomenon of nuclear radiation by introducing the neutron and gamma radiation that makes up the initial nuclear radiation from the detonation of a weapon. It then turns to the effects of nuclear radiation on people through the discussion of radiation sickness and the somatic and genetic effects. The next topics are the range of initial nuclear radiation and protection against this radiation. The discussion of initial nuclear radiation from 'small' weapons includes reference to the recent studies on reassessing the doses experienced at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The final topics are the blast and fire effects of the smaller weapons. The chapter concludes with suggested additional reading for those who are interested in further or more detailed information on nuclear radiation."
Federal Emergency Management Agency 129; FEMA 129
United Stated Federal Emergency Management Agency, Learning Resource Center: http://www.lrc.fema.gov/