ABSTRACT

Tribal Governments: Using HAZUS-MH for American Indian Reservation's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Planning   [open pdf - 1MB]

"Since 2000, Indian tribes (along with State and local governments) have been writing pre-disaster mitigation (PDM) plans in order to achieve compliance with the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA2000). A Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) approved PDM plan makes a government entity eligible for FEMA non-emergency public assistance funding that can cover infrastructure improvements, including: roads and bridges; water-control facilities; buildings and equipment; utilities; and parks and recreation. Without an approved plan, FEMA will only fund emergency debris removal programs and emergency protective measures. Indian reservations are considered 'unincorporated areas' and publicly accessible data regarding the infrastructure or buildings on such lands rarely exists. Many of these 'sovereign nations' feature tourist attractions, such as casinos. Most reservations contain homes and at least several businesses. A thorough risk assessment must account for these structures and the reservation's infrastructure."

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United States Federal Emergency Management Agency: http://www.fema.gov/
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