"Attempts to resolve the Cyprus problem and reunify the island have undergone various levels of negotiation for over 45 years. On October 3, 2010, after almost two years of intense negotiations between Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders, attempts to reach an acceptable solution for reunification had failed and the Republic of Cyprus celebrated its 50th anniversary as a divided country with a permanent solution far from being achieved. Since the beginning of 2011, Cyprus President Demetris Christofias and Turkish Cypriot leader Dervis Eroglu have continued the negotiation process even though the talks appear to have produced little progress, have increasingly exposed differences and frustrations between the two leaders, and now seem to lack a clear urgency to achieve a final solution. On January 28, 2011, Christofias and Eroglu traveled to Geneva to meet for a second time in three months with U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in what appeared to be another inconclusive attempt by the U.N. to boost momentum for the talks. Ban's subsequent March 2011 report to the U.N. Security Council on the progress in the talks again noted the slow pace of the negotiations and the lack of any significant movement toward a resolution on any of the major issues."
CRS Report for Congress, R41136