Concept Plan: For the Implementation of the National Biosurveillance Strategy for Human Health [open pdf - 4MB]
"This Concept Plan for Implementation of the National Biosurveillance Strategy for Human Health (Concept Plan) responds to Homeland Security Presidential Directive 21 (HSPD-21), which was issued in recognition of significant health-related threats to the residents of our nation. Included in HSPD-21, as a critical component of public health and medical preparedness, is the development of a 'nationwide, robust, and integrated biosurveillance capability.' The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) charged the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) with leading the implementation of this component of HSPD-21. In 2008, CDC's Coordinating Office for Terrorism Preparedness and Emergency Response (COTPER) established the Biosurveillance Coordination Unit (BCU) to respond to the biosurveillance mandate of HSPD-21. The basis for the efforts under HSPD-21 can be found in several prior executive and legislative actions. HSPD-9 and HSPD-10 created a new biological threat awareness capacity and established an integrated warning system. The Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act of 2006 (PAHPA), among other recommendations, proposes new national surveillance methods. And finally, PL 110-53, which implemented the recommendations of the 9/11 Commission, mandates the federal government identify and track biological events of national concern by integrating and analyzing data. Each of these actions provided the building blocks for the foundation of biosurveillance."
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov