Afghanistan: Challenges and Options for Reconstructing a Stable and Moderate State [April 24, 2002] [open pdf - 2MB]
The U.S.-led effort to end Afghanistan's role as host to Osama bin Laden and other anti-western Islamic terrorists requires not only the defeat of the Taliban but also the reconstruction of a stable, effective, and ideologically moderate Afghan state. The Bush Administration and the Congress have indicated strong support for humanitarian relief and reconstruction, but the precise nature of the U.S. role remains to be determined. U.S. forces reportedly have been deeply involved in checking conflict among competing local warlords, an informal peacekeeping role that puts American troops at risk of embroilment in local power struggles and also involved with Afghan forces that potentially are a threat to the Interim Administration. A stable Afghanistan is unlikely to be constructed without significant near-term aid to reestablish security and relieve immediate economic distress, and extensive and long-term reconstruction support from the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, the United States, Japan, and the European countries.
CRS Report for Congress, RL31389