"Tsunamis are a low probability, high impact natural hazard. As our memory of the devastating 2004 Indian Ocean tsunamis began to fade, we were again reminded of the power of nature by two recent powerful earthquakes that generated tsunamis: a magnitude 8.0 earthquake struck the Samoa Islands region on September 29, 2009 and a magnitude 8.8 occurred on the coast of Chile on February 27, 2010. These were a timely reminder for the participants at the Tsunami Research Colloquium that earthquakes and tsunamis are not predictable and there are many open scientific questions concerning tsunami dynamics. The objective of the colloquium was to review the state of science and engineering on tsunami research, identify knowledge gaps and recommend a set of research priorities. Colloquium participants prepared summaries and recommendations ahead of time that addressed their particular area of expertise. During the event, participants gave presentations and held discussions to identify important research issues that might have been overlooked in the summaries and recommendations. The main topics discussed during the colloquium included: 1) Tsunami generation mechanisms including earthquake and landslide; 2) Tsunami propagation and evolution in the ocean and continental shelf including characterization of tsunamis over different length and time scales; 3) Coastal effects including tsunami inundation, sediment erosion and deposit, wave forces on structures, and fluid-structure interaction; and 4) Tsunami sensing and measuring techniques including generation region, deep ocean basin and coastal water."
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Center for the Study of Natural Hazards & Disasters: http://hazardscenter.unc.edu/diem/
Tsunami Research Colloquium. University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC. October 19-20, 2009