U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Pandemic Planning Update V, A Report from Secretary Michael O. Leavitt [March 17, 2008] [open pdf - 376KB]
This Department of Health and Human Services report provides an update on pandemic planning for among other challenges as the H5N1 virus. The report also discusses international cooperation, medical countermeasures, vaccines and vaccine production capacity, anti-viral drugs, and state and local preparedness including communications and outreach. "Responding to a pandemic will demand the cooperation of the entire world community. No nation can go it alone. An example of how closely we are connected to the rest of the world came late in 2007. For the first time in Pakistan, local officials identified a cluster of suspect human cases of H5N1. But delayed notification led to the international travel of an individual who had been exposed to H5N1 while in Pakistan. That person then requested medical attention after arriving in New York State and the exposure to H5N1 was discovered. Though the individual was quickly found to be negative to H5N1 and presented no risk to the community, the case underscored the need for close cooperation with our international partners to detect and contain the virus. During 2007, Laos, Myanmar, and Nigeria, along with Pakistan, also reported first-time human cases of avian flu in humans. As in similar past events, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) dispatched specialists to work with the World Health Organization (WHO) and local public health officials to determine the extent of the problem. Their reports, along with international networks of cooperation, have helped HHS keep close track of developments around the globe. Continued progress in virus and disease detection, enhancement of surveillance systems, and other aspects of pandemic preparedness are critical to our national security."
United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services: http://www.pandemicflu.gov/