Zimbabwe: 2008 Elections and Implications for U.S. Policy [Updated July 10, 2008] [open pdf - 181KB]
"On March 29, 2008, Zimbabwe held presidential, parliamentary and local elections. Months later, the country's political future remains uncertain. For the first time since independence, the ruling party has lost its majority in the National Assembly. After a month of rising tensions, the results of the presidential race were belatedly announced on May 2. They indicated that opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai had received more votes than the incumbent, President Robert Mugabe, but had failed to garner the 50 percent needed to avoid a runoff. Days before that runoff was scheduled to take place, on June 27, 2008, Tsvangirai pulled out of the race, citing widespread political violence and the absence of conditions for a free and fair election. Mugabe was declared the winner in the runoff, which many observer missions suggest did not reflect the will of the people."
CRS Report for Congress, RL34509