This CRS report discusses the science and technology workforce in the United States. "In the 21st century, global competition and rapid advances in science and technology will challenge the scientific and technical proficiency of the U.S. workforce. The 110th Congress is currently discussing policy actions that could enhance the nation's science and technology (S&T) workforce - deemed by some as essential to both meet U.S. workforce demands as well as to generate the new ideas that lead to improved and new industries that create jobs. [...] Another policy before the 110th Congress is increasing the ability of the United States to draw upon foreign talent to meet the nation's S&T workforce needs. These discussions focus on immigration policy, primarily increasing the ability of foreign STEM students currently in U.S. universities to more easily obtain permanent admission, and increasing the number of temporary worker visas available so more talent from abroad can be recruited to the United States."
CRS Report for Congress, RL34539