FEMA's Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program: Overview and Issues [Updated June 26, 2008] [open pdf - 159KB]
This CRS report discusses FEMA's pre-disaster mitigation program. "Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), as federal law and a program activity, began in 1997. Congress established a pilot program, which FEMA named 'Project Impact,' to test the concept of investing prior to disasters to reduce the vulnerability of communities to future disasters. Public Law 106-390, the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, authorized the PDM program in law as Section 203 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. [...] One major development has taken place in FY2008. Congress, in P.L. 110-161, directed 95 grants to 28 states, which totaled close to 44% of all PDM funds. These were the first such earmarks for the PDM program. While some of the projects meet PDM eligibility standards, others appear to consist of preparedness projects, rather than mitigation projects, which are not eligible for grants, as defined by PDM guidance. At a mark-up on May 22, 2008, H.R. 6109 was ordered to be reported out by voice vote from the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. The bill awaits action before the full House. This report will be updated as warranted by events."
CRS Report for Congress, RL34537