Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border [Updated May 13, 2008] [open pdf - 731KB]
This CRS report addresses Border Security and the "Barriers Along the U.S. International Border." More specifically, the report provides background information on the creation of barriers along the border in San Diego. The report also provides insight into Congressional involvement on the issue of "border barriers." "The United States Border Patrol [USBP] deploys fencing, which aims to impede the illegal entry of individuals, and vehicle barriers, which aim to impede the illegal entry of vehicles (but not individuals) along the border. The report also talks about the pros and cons of the border fence. "While the San Diego fence, combined with an increase in agents and other resources in the USBP's San Diego sector, has proven effective in reducing the number of apprehensions made in that sector, there is considerable evidence that the flow of illegal immigration has adapted to this enforcement posture and has shifted to the more remote areas of the Arizona desert. In addition to border fencing, the USBP deploys both permanent and temporary vehicle barriers to the border. Temporary vehicle barriers are typically chained together and can be moved to different locations at the USBP's discretion. Permanent vehicle barriers are embedded in the ground and are meant to remain in one location." The topic of Border Security continues to call for Congressional involvement in the future. "A number of policy issues concerning border barriers generally and fencing specifically may be of interest to Congress, including, but not limited, to their effectiveness, costs versus benefits, location, design, environmental impact, potential diplomatic ramifications, and the costs of acquiring the land needed for construction."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33659