Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy [Updated May 15, 2008] [open pdf - 592KB]
This CRS report discusses Afghanistan including its security, governance and attempts to stabilize the country and the surrounding area. Sections include: "Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security and U.S. Policy. Bush Administration Policy Pre-September 11, 2001 toward the Taliban resembled Clinton Administration policy--applying economic and political pressure while retaining dialogue with the Taliban, and refraining from providing military assistance to the Northern Alliance. [...] There is debate over U.N. involvement in Afghanistan, representing the United Nations, the European Union, and NATO in Afghanistan subsumed the U.N. Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA). [...] A cornerstone of the effort to strengthen the central government was a program, run by UNAMA, to dismantle identified and illegal militias. The program, which formally concluded on June 30, 2006, was the 'DDR' program: Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration and was run in partnership with Japan, Britain, and Canada, with U.S. participation. [...] Since June 11, 2005, the disarmament effort has emphasized another program called 'DIAG,' Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups. [...] Post-War Security Operations and Force Capacity Building included the top security priority of preventing Al Qaeda and the Taliban from challenging the Afghan government. The pillars of the U. S. security effort are: continuing combat operations by U.S. forces and a NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF); U.S. and NATO operation of 'provincial reconstruction teams' (PRTs); and the equipping and training of an Afghan National Army (ANA) and Afghan National Police (ANP) force." Also included are 17 different tables regarding the U.S. and Afghanistan.
CRS Report for Congress, RL30588