"FEMA's Infrastructure Protection Activities (IPA) grant program is designed to strengthen the Nation's ability to protect critical infrastructure facilities and systems. […] Together, these grants fund a range of preparedness activities, including strengthening infrastructure against explosive attacks, preparedness, planning, equipment purchase, training, exercises, and security management and administration costs. IPA grants support objectives outlined in post-9/11 laws, strategy documents, plans, Executive Orders and Homeland Security Presidential Directives, the National Preparedness Guidelines and associated work products, including the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) and its transportation sector-specific plans and Executive Order 13416 (Strengthening Surface Transportation Security). The FY 2008 IPA grant program contains significant improvements based upon extensive outreach to stakeholders. In addition, the risk assessments that formed the basis for eligibility under the IPA were refined slightly to conform with the final provisions of the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007. All applicants had 45 days to complete the application process. Additionally, some IPA grants have been executed as cooperative agreements which allows for more collaboration between DHS and the applicants in refining funding proposals. DHS has also created multiple opportunities for applicants to consult with the Department's grant programs office and subject matter experts during the review process and prior to the announcement of awards."
United States Department of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/