"U.S.-Taiwan relations have undergone other important changes, sparked in part by the increasing complexity and unpredictability of Taiwan's democratic political environment. Throughout his tenure, Taiwan President Chen Shui-bian, a member of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), disavowed key concepts long embraced by the formerly ruling Nationalist Party (KMT) -- the 'status quo' that there is only one China and Taiwan is part of it -- and instead adopted the more provocative position that Taiwan already 'is an independent, sovereign country.' While these positions succeeded in further elevating the concept of Taiwan nationalism, they have also made many wary of the implications of President Chen's more controversial political positions. Taiwan's relations with the United States have suffered in these controversies, and the People's Republic of China (PRC), which claims that Taiwan is a province of China, has objected strongly to President Chen's policies.The 110th Congress has been concerned with bolstering U.S. support for Taiwan and helping to improve Taiwan's international position. Relevant legislation includes: H.R. 2764 (P.L. 110-161); H.R. 1390; H.R. 3912/S. 1565; H.Con.Res. 73; H.Con.Res. 136; H.Con.Res. 137; H.Con.Res. 170; H.Con.Res. 250; S.Con.Res. 48; and S.Con.Res. 60. This report will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33510