International Population Assistance and Family Planning Program: Issues for Congress [Updated April 11, 2008] [open pdf - 154KB]
"Since 1965, the U.S. government has supported international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control. This policy, however, has generated contentious debate for over two decades, resulting in frequent clarification and modification of U.S. international family planning programs. Given the divisive nature of this debate, U.S. funding of these programs will likely remain a point of contention during the 110th Congress. On December 26, 2007, the President signed into law H.R. 2764, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 (P.L. 110-161), which directs that $395 million be made available for bilateral family planning activities. The Act also designates $40 million for UNFPA if it is determined eligible under the Kemp- Kasten amendment. The Administration's FY2009 request for bilateral family planning and reproductive health activities totals $327.53 million. The Administration also requested $25 million for UNFPA funding if the organization is deemed eligible under the Kemp-Kasten amendment. The UNFPA funds would be appropriated under the Child Survival and Health Programs account. This report will be updated as events warrant."
CRS Report for Congress, RL33250