Global Peace Operations Initiative: Background and Issues for Congress [Updated January 31, 2008] [open pdf - 146KB]
"In his September 21, 2004 address to the opening meeting of the 59th session of the U.N. General Assembly, President Bush asserted that the world 'must create permanent capabilities to respond to future crises.' In particular, he pointed to a need for 'more effective means to stabilize regions in turmoil, and to halt religious violence and ethnic cleansing.' A similar rationale prompted the Clinton Administration to formulate the ACRI training program in 1996 and underlies the current search for new strategies and mechanisms to prevent and control conflicts. To accomplish these ends, GPOI, has three major goals: train some 75,000 troops worldwide, with an emphasis on Africa, in peacekeeping skills by 2010 […], support Italy in establishing a center to train international gendarme (constabulary) forces to participate in peacekeeping operations […], and foster an international deployment and logistics support system to transport peacekeepers to the field and maintain them there." "The United States previously provided peacekeeping capacity-building assistance to foreign militaries primarily under two programs, the African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance program (ACOTA) and its predecessor program, and the Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capabilities program (EIPC). Both ACOTA and EPIC have been subsumed under the GPOI budget line. ACOTA is still the term used to refer to the Africa component of GPOI, however, and is implemented by the State Department's Africa Bureau."
CRS Report for Congress, RL32773