Fact Sheet: Force-on-Force Security Exercises at Nuclear Power Plants   [open pdf - 54KB]

"The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has carried out force-on-force (FOF) exercises regularly at commercial operating nuclear power plants since 1991 as part of its comprehensive security program. However, they are not pass/fail inspections. They are the primary means to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of plant security programs to prevent radiological sabotage as required by NRC regulations (10 CFR Part 73). FOF exercises assess a nuclear plant's physical protection to defend against the so-called 'design basis threat (DBT).' The DBT characterizes the adversary against which plant owners must design physical protection systems and response strategies. The NRC periodically assesses the adequacy of the DBT and makes revisions as necessary. A full FOF exercise, spanning several days, includes both table-top drills and simulated combat between a mock commando-type adversary force and the nuclear plant security force. During the attack, the adversary force attempts to reach and damage key safety systems and components that protect the reactor's core (containing radioactive fuel) or the spent nuclear fuel pool, potentially causing a radioactive release to the environment. The nuclear power plant's security force, in turn, seeks to stop the adversaries from reaching the plant's equipment and causing such a release. These exercises include a wide array of Federal, state, and local law enforcement and emergency planning officials in addition to plant operators and NRC personnel."

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United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission: http://www.nrc.gov/
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