Iraq: Oil-For-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade [Updated September 26, 2002] [open pdf - 78KB]
The "oil-for-food" program is the centerpiece of the long-standing U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining key elements of the Gulf war-related sanctions regime. In order to ensure that Iraq remains contained and that only humanitarian needs are served by the program, U.N. Security Council resolutions have mandated substantial controls on Iraqi oil exports and humanitarian imports. Seeking to improve international unity on containment of Iraq, the Bush Administration devised a "smart sanctions" plan that it said would speed the flow of civilian goods to Iraq and thereby improve living conditions for the Iraqi people.
CRS Report for Congress, RL30472