Comparison of the House and Senate 2007 Farm Bills   [open pdf - 215KB]

"The House Agriculture Committee conducted its markup of its version of the farm bill (H.R. 2419) in mid-July and completed House floor action on July 27, 2007. The Senate Agriculture Committee approved its version of the farm bill (S. 2302) on October 25, 2007. On December 14, the Senate completed floor action on its bill, which was offered as a substitute to H.R. 2419 (Farm, Nutrition, and Bioenergy Act of 2007). Conference negotiations between the House and Senate are anticipated to start in January 2008. This report compares the major provisions in the House and Senate versions of the farm bill with each other and with current law. This comparison does not provide an exhaustive list of all provisions by individual sections or subsections within each title, nor does it provide a detailed discussion of the budget offsets to cover additional spending on programs in certain titles that were adopted or are expected to be proposed as part of these bills. The bills include changes to commodity support and risk management policies and programs (such as direct payments, payment limits, revenue and counter-cyclical payments, crop insurance and disaster assistance, planting flexibility, and specialty crops), as well as provisions affecting conservation, bioenergy, rural development, forestry, agricultural research, competition, trade and food aid, agriculture credit, and domestic food programs and nutrition. Both the House and Senate bills also contain provisions that would make certain changes to tax laws, which are intended to offset new spending initiatives in the bill."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL34228
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