"The incidence of serious crime in the United States, which has been following a downward spiral since 1992, may be reaching a plateau. Compared to the marked drops noted in recent years, the current slight decline in the Index crime estimate is certain to be viewed by many as no change at all from the previous year's. Only after publication of the next few issues of Crime in the United States will we know whether the figures for 2000 signaled an end to the current downward trend or were merely a bump in the road. What can be stated with certainty is that the opportunity to compare national crime totals and speculate upon their significance would not be available without the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, which has been compiling and publishing the Nation's crime statistics since 1930. In the beginning, the Program was conceived, developed, and originally managed by the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP). The first Uniform Crime Reports monthly bulletin for January 1930 contained reports of offenses committed in 400 cities located in 43 states. It provided data from half of all cities over 30,000 in population and covered more than 20 million U.S. inhabitants. This initial response far exceeded the highest hopes of the IACP's Committee on Uniform Crime Records, which had been working for several years to develop the Program. Throughout the developmental period, the goal of the police chiefs' association had been to transfer the management of the new UCR Program to the FBI (then called the Bureau of Investigation)."
Federal Bureau of Investigation: http://www.fbi.gov/