"In the post September 11 world, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has been called upon to play an increasingly prominent role in the War on Terror. The Agency's humanitarian and development assistance programs, especially when directed toward at-risk populations and regions, have been recognized as critical components in the U.S. National Strategy for Combating Terrorism (NSCT) and its accompanying National Implementation Plan-NIP. These programs can play a crucial role in denying terrorists sanctuary and financing by diminishing the underlying conditions that cause local populations to become vulnerable to terrorist recruitment. Moreover, USAID programs directed at strengthening effective and legitimate governance are recognized as key tools to address counterinsurgency (COIN)."
U.S. Government Interagency Counterinsurgency Initiative: http://www.usgcoin.org/index.cfm