"Intellectual property-related (IP) cases are handled as both civil and criminal matters in Federal court. During 2002, 134 defendants were sentenced for IP infringement offenses under the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines with more than half convicted of stealing IP worth over $70,000. Also in 2002, 8,254 civil cases related to intellectual property theft were filed in U.S. district courts (up 20% from 1994). […] Criminal IP offenses include the trafficking of goods with counterfeit trademarks or brands (such as clothing and consumer electronics), software piracy, the distribution of bootleg musical recordings and movies, selling company trade secrets, and derivative copyright violations of intercepting cable/satellite broadcasts. Recent Federal legislation prohibits use of the Internet or other communication technology to distribute pirated intellectual property. Recent laws have targeted counterfeit manufacturing operations, both domestic and international. This report uses data from the Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP) and other sources to describe the enforcement of intellectual property rights in the Federal criminal and civil justice systems including private civil remedies."
U.S. Dept. of Justice: http://www.usdoj.gov/