Mongolia and U.S. Policy: Political and Economic Relations [Updated October 25, 2007] [open pdf - 356KB]
"On January 10, 2006, Mongolia's delicately balanced coalition government collapsed and the Mongolian parliament chose a new Prime Minister in accordance with constitutional requirements. Mongolia has seen several reshufflings of government since 1990, the year the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) declared the end of a one-party communist state and initiated democratic reforms with U.S. assistance. Mongolia's profile has been raised further by the 2005 visits of President George Bush and Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, each of whom praised Mongolia's democratic developments and its aspirations to use its military forces for global peace-keeping missions. […]. On October 23, 2007, the U.S. and Mongolia signed an agreement to increase cooperation in preventing nuclear smuggling. In the Congress, H.Con.Res. 178 (Dreier) expresses the sense of the Congress that the United States should expand trade opportunities with Mongolia by initiating negotiations to enter into a free trade agreement. S.Res.352 (Murkowski) expresses the sense of the Senate that the U.S. should encourage continued economic cooperation with Mongolia, continue to work with international financial institutions to promote economic growth in Mongolia, provide assistance to Mongolia under the MCC, and encourage greater academic and cultural exchanges with Mongolia. This report provides background information on Mongolia, including political and economic conditions, the status of U.S.-Mongolian political and economic relations, and key security and foreign policy issues."
CRS Report for Congress, RL34056