Iran, Iraq, and the United States: The New Triangle's Impact on Sectarianism and the Nuclear Threat [open pdf - 401KB]
"Iran and Iraq historically have influenced and threatened each other. However, the triangle of U.S.- Iraq-Iran relations now overshadows the two Middle Eastern states' bilateral history, their contrasting political aims, respective grievances, and competition. Iran's decision to pursue the development of nuclear technology further complicates the relationship between the three states. In addition, European efforts to extend incentives to Iran so that it would cease uranium enrichment contrasted with the American administration's approach to the same situation. Is this an outcome of differing approaches to the war in Iraq? Does it express long-standing American anger with Iran? Or have the Europeans adopted an essentially different attitude to Middle Eastern affairs in general that is based on their economic interests, and extends to questions of proliferation or democratization in the region?"
Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil